The Medal of Honor Flag

DrillMaster Color Guard/Color Team, Instructional 13 Comments

The Medal

Image is courtesy of

March 25th is Medal of Honor Day. The Medal of Honor (MoH) is awarded to members of the military who perform extraordinary acts in the face of extraordinary danger. Recipients are never referred to as “winners” as in Sergeant Jones won the Medal of Honor. Actually, we in the military do not win any of our awards. They are presented to us for certain accomplishments. The MoH is the only award that comes with a flag.

The Flag

On October 23, 2002, Congress enacted Public Law 107–248, which modified 36 U.S.C. § 903, authorizing a Medal of Honor flag to be presented to each Medal of Honor recipient. When awarded posthumously, the flag is presented to whomever received the Medal of Honor, usually the next of kin (NOK). The Old Guard developed a specific fold for the flag and each living recipient and NOK of deceased recipients received a specially folded MoH flag after its creation. Each recipients is authorized to display it in their home.

Below is the video of two Airmen from the USAF Honor Guard folding the MoH flag with it’s unique fold that was developed by the US Army Old Guard. The video was directed by a USAF Ceremonial Guardsman friend of mine.

Members of the USAF Honor Guard perform the MoH flag fold

The flag is based on a concept by retired Army Special Forces First Sergeant Bill Kendall (deceased, 2013) of Jefferson, Iowa, who in 2001, designed a flag to honor Medal of Honor recipient Captain Darrell Lindsey, a B-26 pilot also from Jefferson who was killed in action during World War II. Kendall’s design of a light blue field emblazoned with 13 white stars was nearly identical to that of Sarah LeClerc’s of the Army’s Institute of Heraldry, which was ultimately accepted as the official flag. Kendall’s version included the words “Medal of Honor”. The pattern was authorized by President Eisenhower. The color of the field and the 13 white stars, arranged in three chevrons, consisting of two chevrons of five stars and one chevron of three stars, comes from the neck ribbon of the Medal of Honor.

The folding of the MoH flag is special and only accomplished once before it is presented to the recipient. The flag is never flown on a halyard and never carried/paraded (except at the funeral of the recipient). This flag is protected under the Stolen Valor Act. It is for the explicit use of MoH recipients and their families. While the flag was originally designed to be a perfectly square 3’x3′, it is 3’x4′, no other size is authorized.

AR 840-10, Section VI (June 2017)

3–54. Authorization
This flag is presented to each person to whom a Medal of Honor is awarded at the same time as the presentation of the medal, or as expeditiously as possible to each living recipient who has not already received a flag. In the case of a posthumous presentation of the medal, the flag is presented to the person to whom the medal is presented. (10 USC 3755) The flag will also be awarded upon written request to the Military Awards Branch at the U.S. Army Human Resources Command (AR 600–8–22) to the primary next of kin of deceased Medal of Honor recipients (Public Law 109–364, Section 555).

3–55. Display
a. The Medal of Honor flag is a ceremonial flag for indoor use and is considered a personal flag that recipients may display in their home or office.
b. The Medal of Honor flag may be displayed publicly when the individual is being honored at an official military ceremony or the individual is in attendance on the reviewing stand in an official ceremony. When displayed, the flagstaff will be 8 feet tall but shall not be higher than the U.S. flag when displayed at the same time.
c. When the flag is displayed with the flag of the United States, the U.S. flag will hold the position of superior prominence and the position of honor on the right. The Medal of Honor flag will be placed to the left of the U.S. flag. When viewed from an audience the U.S. flag will be on the left and the Medal of Honor flag will be on the right.
d. The flag should always be displayed in an attractive, dignified, and secure manner.

Personal and Positional Colors

Senior Enlisted Adviser to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, SEAC, positional color

A personal/positional color represents the office that an individual holds while in the military (general/admiral, Chief of Staff, CMSgt of the USAF, etc.) or serving in a senior executive service position for the military (Secretary of the Navy, etc.). Only Generals and Admirals are presented their flag upon retirement for display in their homes. A personal (not positional) color can also represent being a prisoner of war (POW/MIA) and being a recipient of the MoH.

Multiple PCs representing the deceased can be carried at a military funeral. As an example, a general’s flag, the MoH flag, and then the POW/MIA flag could all be carried, in that order, as personal colors for the deceased.

The USAF Honor Guard at Arlington National Cemetery

The following is from a post I made on Instagram. The POW and MoH flags are NEVER paraded. They are only carried as personal colors for a funeral. In the photo the two PCs are out of order. Why are these flags out of order? The POW/MIA flag must go to the left of the MoH and all personal colors even if the day of burial was one of the six days where the POW takes precedence.

*Veterans groups, please don’t get any ideas about carrying the MoH flag to celebrate this special day.”

What do you think happened within hours of my posting about the MoH flag? This is from DeVaughn Simper, Vexillologist:

“Surprisingly, I received many messages asking, 1) Where can they get the MoH flag and, 2) When can they fly it or carry it in a parade.”

MoH-Related Flags

There is only one official, authorized Medal of Honor flag that is issued to recipients of the medal. The two other flags related to the MoH and the MoH flag.

Seal of the CMoH Society

The Congressional Medal of Honor Society has its seal on a flag with a light blue background. This flag is also not for sale to the public and should not be carried just because.

The MoH Society flag

The MoH Recipient Grave Marker can be purchased at reputable flag makers like Colonial Flag. They are placed at the headstone of a recipient of the MoH.

The MoH Recipient Grave Marker

Dear Veterans,

General and Admiral flags are never carried in a color guard and the POW/MIA flag has had its specialness stripped from it by flying it ubiquitously by mandate and the MoH flag, by law, is NOT for sale or use by anyone who is not an MoH recipient or one of their NOK.

Please read this carefully:
It is illegal to own a Medal of Honor flag if you did not receive it or are a deceased recipient’s NOK.

A military color guard is already special. Please stop trying to add more flags or step styles, or anything else to make it “specialer”. For regulation drill applications, please read and follow:

  • Army Training Circular 3-12.5, Drill and Ceremonies, and Army Regulation 840-10, Flags, Guidons, etc. (available here)


  • Marine Corps Order 5060.20, Drill and Ceremonies, and Marine Corps Order 10520.3, Flag Manual (available here)

Or, for ceremonial drill applications:

I’m not recommending the USAF manuals because AFMAN 36-2203 relies on the MCO for color guard rifle work. Might as well go directly to the source.

I very much appreciated working with Vexillologist DeVaughn Simper of Colonial Flag on this article.

The Flagstaff Ban

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I’m from Arizona and I’m not talking about the wonderful college town in the northern part of my home state. I’m talking about the color guard flagstaff.

Tyranny, again

I do not want this article to get political but this has to do with politics; the convoluted, oppressive world of politics. As you read on, please use the picture above for reference.

An organization that represents descendants of the Revolutionary War went to an annual planned ceremony on February 7, 2020, in the Old Assembly Chamber at the Virginia Capital and were denied permission to present the colors in the same fashion as has been accomplished every year at this ceremony and for decades at tens of thousands of other presentations across the United States of America.

In recent years many of my fellow Americans have become increasingly afraid of rifles and “guns” in general for no other reason than a lack of education about them. With that being said, I can then understand the overreaction regarding the muskets carried by the two guards of the team not being allowed into the chamber. However, it didn’t end there.

That overreaction extended to the flagstaffs. The men pictures above not only were were barred from carrying their two muskets but had to remove the flags from the staffs! If you would, please pause for a moment and think of the utter foolishness and even childishness that makes up this decision. The equipment a color guard uses, flagstaffs and rifles, are seen as potential weapons because they ARE weapons.

Weapons of War…

The flagstaff comes from a spear that started as early as Genghis Khan to have a colored ribbon attached to the spear tip. Different units had a different colored ribbon attached to one spear tip and everyone was then organized under their color. The ribbons gave way to small pennants and eventually to vertical banners and horizontal flags. This isn’t a complete history lesson, just a very brief overview.

Similar to the flagstaff is the firefighter’s long (8′) ceremonial pike pole that is used as a flagstaff by some departments. The fire fighting tool known as the pike pole, used to rip apart a roof and other parts of a structure for ventilation, were used decades ago to unhorse mounted soldiers.

It is quite obvious as to what the rifle represents. There are the more ceremonial rifles, M1 Garand, M14, and M1903, and the tactical rifle of today, the M16/AR14. Law enforcement agencies also use shotguns as their weapon of choice. There are replica rifles made of every sort that are unable to fire let alone accept a single round. If live rifles are ever used, they are never loaded. That is not only for safety but also because a color guard member does not engage in battle, traditionally (there are historic exceptions of necessity).

Circling back to firefighters, they use shorter pike poles as the weapon/tool for the guards and the most prominent and recognizable tool, and the one I recommend because of those characteristics is the ceremonial fire axe.

Made into Plowshares

These weapons are tools of our respective trades: military, law enforcement, and firefighters. We use them because we are familiar with them and it is a show of force, if I may use the expression. However, in many cases, including this one in Virginia, it is about honoring the flag and tradition at the same time.

There is no legitimate reason to forbid a color guard from presenting the colors in our traditional or currently written standards.

When we do not teach history, history repeats itself and honor falls by the wayside.

AFM 50-14 Cover 53 and 56

AFMAN 36-2203 Problems?

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After the USAF was created as its own uniformed service on September 18, 1947, it went from using Army Regulations to writing and using its own. When it came to drill and ceremonies, the newly created service looked at the Marine Corps and Army drill manuals and chose from what it considered the best from each (most from the MCO). One thing the USAF eventually left out (beginning in approximately the 1970s) was the manual of arms for the rifle. Why? Because the Army and Marine Corps had already accomplished that task and Airmen did not have a daily use for rifles like Soldiers and Marines. We march, have military parades, color guards, and change of command ceremonies, so the USAF creating a drill and ceremonies manual with specifics for the Element, Flight, Squadron, Group, and Wing, was logical.

The History of AFMAN 36-2203

AFM 50-14

AFM 50-15 15 Jan 63

I have Air Force’s drill and ceremonies manual hard copies from

  • AFM 50-14, Sept 1953 (the first version!)
  • AFM 50-14, Jun 1956
  • AFM 50-14, Jan 15, 1963
  • AFM 50-14, Nov 25, 1963
  • AFMAN 36-2203, Jun 3, 1996 with Change 1, 24 September 2007

Digital copies:

  • AFR 50-14, 3 Jan 1992
  • AFMAN 36-2203, 3 Jun 1996 (no Change 1)
  • 20 Nov 2013
  • 19 Jun 2018

The versions that I am aware were published but I do not have:

  • AFM 50-14, 4 Jan 1960
  • AFR 50-14, 20 Apr 1985
AF Color Guard 1953

The copies from the 1950s have a complete manual of arms section featuring the M1 Garand using Army techniques (fingers wrapped at the small of the stock) and Marine Corps techniques (Present without going to Port and grip on the stock at Shoulder). However, both guards of a color guard were armed with sidearms because most teams were manned solely by Air Police. This is where we get the traditional pistol/web belt requirement for the guards and the colors harness without the belt for the color bearers. Look at the right arm holds the flagstaff. Notice the flag and staff size.

AF Color Guard 1956
AF Color Guard 1956

Not much changed in 1956 except that the guards don’t have their hands cupped for some reason. Still, the right arms are holding the flagstaffs at Carry.

In the picture from the 1956, spacing is a bit wide, in 1953, our color guard started to conform to Close Interval. However, there isn’t any guidance for the team’s spacing.

In the manuals from 1963, we see a much more elaborate description of how the color guard is formed and more information on the manual of the staff. Notice in the pictures below that the right arm is still holding the staff and we now have the horizontal right forearm. Even though the manual now states that the team will form at Close Interval, spacing is a bit mixed up depending on the position of the team (Carry, Order, etc.).

AF Color Guard 1963a
AF Color Guard 1963b

1996 and a New Title

The 1996 Version replaced AFR (Air Force Regulation) 50-14 of 1992. We now have the first AFMAN 36-2203. The team is now, wrongly, shoulder-to-shoulder even though the text states the team will form at Close Interval. In each picture, the right hand is still the only one authorized to hold the staff.

Notice the flag size in the pictures below. The 8′ staffs are only supposed to have 3’x4′ flags mounted on them according to AFI 34-1201. Historically, these teams so far have met the standards.

AF Color Guard 1996
AF Color Guard 1996

See the improper grip (Marine Corps Strong Grip) by the American flag bearer? This manual was the standard until it incorporated Change 1 in 2007. The version with Change 1 was then the standard until 2013.

AF Color Guard 1996 Order

Initially, the manual did not have guidance on spacing and then guidance was developed in the 1960s. In 2013, we throw in a huge discrepancy.

Welcome to 2013

Now we see, frankly, a ridiculous display. The staffs here are 8′ and the flags are 4’4″x5’6″. This isn’t authorized, see AFI 34-1201. The larger flag is mounted on the taller staff only.

Again, the team is not at Close Interval, which is mandated at the beginning of the colors chapter.

AF Color Guard 2013

Now, we come to an egregious error that has caused quite a bit of contention. Out of the clear blue sky, the color bearers, for some unknown reason, are holding the staffs with the left hand while at Carry.

Let’s logically think about this. There is not reason to use the left hand-only carry technique. Nowhere in USAF, Army, or Marine Corps history can I find any color guard that ever utilized it.

7.33.2. Positions of the Flag at the Carry. At the carry, the ferrule of the staff rests in the socket of the sling. The flag bearer grasps the staff with the right hand at the height of the shoulder, only using the left hand to steady the staff in a strong wind. The staff is inclined slightly to the front. (Emphasis mine)

AFMAN 36-2203 (2013)
AF Color Guard 2013 at Carry

The rifles on the outside shoulder require Airmen and cadets to use the guard techniques in the colors section of MCO 5060.20.

Here’s another problem to consider. Every picture shows the team shoulder-to-shoulder and then, BAM! you magically obtain spacing when the team executes Parade Rest.

AF Color Guard 2013 Parade Rest

2018 – Fixed! Not.

AF Color Guard 2013 used again in 2018

Whew! That was a close one! Wait a minute. That mistake with using the picture of having the color bearers use the left hand at carry is less expensive to fix if you just change the wording!

7.33.2. Positions of the Flag at the Carry. At the carry, the ferrule of the staff rests in the socket of the sling. The flag bearer grasps the staff with the left hand at the height of the shoulder, only using the right hand to steady the staff in a strong wind. The staff is inclined slightly to the front. (Emphasis mine)

AFMAN 36-2203 (2018)


As you can clearly see there are issues with the Air Force Drill and Ceremonies Manual that can be easily fixed. We do not gold the staff with the left hand and we definitely don’t just throw that out on a whim without serious repercussions.

Let’s fix this now. For good.

The OPR (Office of Primary Responsibility) for the AFMAN is AF/A1S and it was certified by SAF/MR. Here is an easy list of errors to fix:

  • All formation pictures must have the team at Close Interval.
  • Only the right hand holds the flagstaff.
  • The 8′ staffs must only have 3’x4′ flags mounted on them.
  • While still using USAF techniques pictured in the AFMAN:
    • Explain that the MCO must be used for the guards since they have the rifles on the outside shoulder. This is not determined by the type of rifle.
  • Explain that an armed flight (probably only ROTC/JROTC) follows the Army’s TC.

AFMAN 36-2203 First Page

AFMAN 36-2203 “Does not Promote Success”

DrillMaster Color Guard/Color Team, Commentary, Instructional 2 Comments

Originally posted in Novemeber of 2016, this is an update and the first of a three-part series.

While there are a couple other definitions of success, they don’t fit our purpose which is learning and effectively executing military drill. Here is my preferred definition.

Success: the accomplishment of an aim or purpose

Air Force Manual (AFMAN) 36-2203 is the US Air Force’s drill and ceremonies manual. The quoted text in the title is what an individual wrote to me. That individual wrote for a certain “training” organization, we can then take this statement to be the official position for that organization. Actually, the statement was, “The AFMAN simply doesn’t set one up for success by design”, but that was too long for the title of this article and is an absolute misstatement if there ever was one.

We can infer from this ignorant statement that this individual (and the organization) believes that the US Air Force purposefully wrote the AFMAN to be so vague so as to not allow for successful completion of the mission. The mission here being learning and effectively executing military drill. Of course, I do not believe that for one instant as that is a ludicrous premise! Allow me to refute this unfounded claim.

First, just for fun, let’s read the first paragraph of AFMAN 36-2203 (2013) and then we will proceed with the refutation.

1.1.1. This manual includes most Air Force needs in drill and ceremonies, but it does not cover every situation that may arise. For unusual situations, using good judgment and taking into account the purpose of the movement or procedure can often provide the solution.
1.1.2. Units or organizations required to drill under arms will use the procedures in US Army Field Manual 22-5 [DM: Training Circular 3-21.5], Drill and Ceremonies, SECNAV 5060.22 [DM: Marine Corps Order P5060.20], Marine Corps Drill and Ceremonies Manual, or Air Force Academy Cadet Wing Manual 50-5. The types of weapon used will determine the appropriate manual.

AFMAN 36-2203 (2013)

It’s like the Air Force designed the manual to be used with other manuals instead of reinventing the wheel. Imagine that. The AFMAN dictates beginning and ending positions, the TC and MCO tell us how to go to and from those positions. As an example: the MCO tells us how to move the rifles to and from the outside/outboard shoulder for a color guard. Likewise, the TC tells us how to move the flagstaffs and, when necessary, we use USAF guidon techniques (uncasing and casing colors). Even though we use both of these other two manuals, we still must adhere to the hand and arm positions dictated by the AFMAN.

A Little History
I spent 20 years in the Air Force (85-05) and for four years before that, I was a member of my high school’s AFJROTC program. In my high school days (79-83), we had to learn AFM 50-14, Drill and Ceremonies, the contents of which has not changed much since then.

What do Airmen do for rifle information? We have copies of FM 22-5 and use the manual of arms there for any Armed Flight drill. Today, the pictures in the AFMAN include guards armed with rifles. However, the pictures only show technique for Order, Parade Rest, Right Shoulder (Carry), and Attention. What has never been a concern is how to get the rifle from one position to the other. Why? Because we use the MCO for transitional techniques, but we use the beginning and ending position techniques of the AFMAN.

Click here: Following the Army’s Drill Manual for all Services

Disparaging the AFMAN or any other service manual only shows a peculiar unawareness of the concept of military drill standards. JROTC teams need to learn, perfect, and march their service manual. Let them do so.

Cadets, start reading instead of trying to gain your knowledge from this year’s seniors who were taught by last year’s seniors, etc., etc.

DrillMaster Video Critiques

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As a trained visual adjudicator (see my About page) I have been continuing to train in pageantry arts judging and implementing it slowly but surely into the Military Drill World. I’ve been making audio critiques for many years for drill teams, color guards, and soloists ad now I’ve moved into video.

In January 2020, I began critiquing video from drill meets that individuals began sending to me. You can see that YouTube playlist here:

In February 2020 I was invited to judge at the Oklahoma State JROTC Drill Championship. I judged Unarmed Colors (“Unarmed” is a category, but a description of the color guard) and Unarmed Exhibition. What a great day it was! I asked each team commander or their instructor if they wanted a video critique. You can imagine the blank and questioning looks and I completely understood. After a couple of explanations, I received enthusiastic responses.

To each of the JROTC instructors at the competition: Thank you so much for taking a leap of faith and letting some guy in a solid blue uniform talk about their cadets’ performance. It turns out that many instructors and cadets learned quite a bit about color guard and unarmed exhibition. You can see those videos here:

There were several performances in both categories that I judged that do not have a video. That’s because I would have a cell phone handed to me from an instructor or I would stand next to a cadet who was recording the performance. Those who did not have someone recording the colors competition, I pulled out my phone. For the Unarmed Exhibition performances, I used my phone for each.

Innovation in Education – is Key!


All About The Flag

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This article used to be All About Flag Sizes that I wrote back in 2013 but I felt it needed expanding.


The Outside Flag

  • Garrison: 20′ x 38′
  • Post flag: 8′ 11 3/8″ x 17′ (Army) and 10′ x 19′ (MC/N/CG)
  • Field flag: 6’8″ x 12′ (Army)
  • Storm flag: 5′ x 9’6″ (Army) and 5′ x 9′ (MC/N/CG)
  • Internment flag: 5′ x 9’6″ (use cotton only!)
  • boat flag: 3′ x 4′ (3′ x 5′)
  • Ensign: 2′ 4 7/16″ x 4’6″

The Indoor-Outdoor Flag

  • Indoor-Outdoor/ceremonial display (pole hem, with or without fringe): 3′ x 4′ and 4’4″ x 5’6″


See also: To Fringe or Not to Fringe, That is the Question.

A flag does not have fringe when it is flown from a stationary (at right) or mounted pole (just below). These are outside flags and are never fringed.

an_outrigger_pole_set flagpolefarm-com

A flag for a color guard has fringe and is what a color team carries and presents or posts. The Marine Corps, Navy, and Coast Guard forbid fringe on the National Ensign, but all departmental and organizational flags must have gold-colored fringe.

Joint Color Guard with Indoor-Outdoor Flags (pole hems)

The Army and Air Force require gold-colored fringe on all flags. The Marine Corps, Navy, and Coast Guard forbid fringe on the national but require fringe on the departmental and organizational.

The Space Force departmental, organizational, and general officer flags must have silver-colored fringe. This is mandatory and you must request it from the flag company (go to

Fringe Theory

Historically, fringe was used to keep a flag clean. Supposedly, it generates static electricity and that attracts the dirt from the flag material. This seems to be an accurate use from the time of the US Civil War.

If you do some research, you can find a theory that states that gold fringe on the US flag means that maritime law is in effect (especially in a court of law) and that set of laws is very different from the law of the land. There is also the connection between the United States, a corporation, and the United States of America, the country.

The information is a bit complicated and convoluted. I’m not going to completely discount it, but I’m not ready to fully accept the theory because: The Flag Code states nothing will be attached to the American flag (this is why the Marine Corps forbids fringe) and then the Army comes along and codifies attaching fringe as purely an affectation saying that the flag then becomes a “ceremonial color”. It doesn’t add up.

To make things more interesting, in the ceremonial drill world, for state (federal government) arrival/departure ceremonies, none of the international flags have fringe. This is because many other countries simply forbid the fringe while others have elaborate fringe color and length requirements.

The photo below shows an arrival ceremony at the Pentagon for a Japanese dignitary.

Joint Cordon Arrival Ceremony (No fringe on the national flags)

Color Guard Flag Sizes

  • US flags: 3’ x 4’, (3’ x 5’ is not used in the military), 4’4” x 5’6”
  • Army, AF, & SF departmental flags: 3’ x 4’ and 4’4″ x 5’6″
  • MC, Navy, and CG departmental flags: 4’4″ x 5’6″
  • Organizational flags: 3’ x 4’
  • General/Admiral flags: 3’ x 4’ and 3’ x 5’
  • JROTC organizational flags: 3’ x 4’
  • Civil Air Patrol flags: 3′ x 4′ or 3′ x 5′ 8 3/8″ (CAPR900-2 Section B)
  • Young marines: 3′ x 4′ or 4’4” x 5’6” (MCO 10520.3)
  • Sea Cadets: 3′ x 4′ or 4’4” x 5’6” (NTP 13B)

Flag and Staff Sizes

Mount and carry the smaller flags on eight-foot flagstaffs and the larger flags sizes on nine-foot six-inch flagstaffs. These are the only two sizes used by a military or military-type color teams, except the Air Force.

The USAF had the 10′ staff as the taller one, but a recent change in AFI 34-1201 has 9′ for the taller size. When posting colors, the AF recommends the 7′ staff (this size of staff is not authorized for any other colors situation at all, period. It is ONLY for posting.).

The 10′ staff is only for the Presidential colors. The Army uses 8′ and 9.5′ staffs. The Air Force and Space Force should be using the same. The Marine Corps, Navy, and Coast Guard may only use the 9.5′ staff and the larger flag.

Note: The US Army does not have a size restriction for staffs and flags. You will often see an Army color guard carrying the 9.5′ staff with 3′ x 4′ flags mounted. I think it looks a bit odd, but the flag material stays out of the team’s faces.

State Flags

US Army Regulation 840-10, Section 7-11 states that state flags shall be 3′ x 4′ or 4’4″ x 5’6″. However, one question that DeVaughn Simper, vexillologist at Colonial Flag, receives from the National Guard is: which guidance do they follow? the AR or the State statute?” He refers them to their chain of command since that decision is usually handled by the state Adjutant General.

  • Each state has a different statute as to the legal size of the flag.
  • Utah: 3 ‘x 5’
  • New York: 3′ x 6′ (1:2 ratio)
  • Rhode Island: 3′ x 3.5′ (1:1.3 ratio)
  • Connecticut: 3′ x 3.8′ (1:1.3 ratio)

There’s More

Now read up on All About the Color Guard Nomenclature of the American Flag, All About the Flagstaff, Flagstaff Ornaments, The Only Time the Spread Eagle is Used, How to Properly Mount a Flag on a Flagstaff, To Fringe or not to Fringe, that is the Question

A BIG thank you to DeVaughn Simper of Colonial Flag for helping with the flag size information!

The Arena/Rink Colors Presentation

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The colors have been presented at rodeo and other horse riding events for decades with riders on horseback making a circuit around the arena and circling back to come to the center. The whole time keeping the colors in the proper order. Sometimes the the two color bearer riders are accompanied by unarmed guards on horseback. Other times it’s just the two color bearers. Either is fine.

The same thing goes for other unique colors presentations like a color guard on skates at a hockey game. This time, however, guards must accompany the colors per your service drill and ceremonies manual or, in the case of first responders, The Honor Guard Manual.

Carrying the colors out of order is inappropriate. As a guide, I created the above diagram to ensure proper carriage of the colors. The diagram below shows the color bearers turning on their respective initial sides and that puts the colors in the wrong position and must be avoided.


The Pallbearer Deck

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Trussville Police and Fire Department
Certified United States Ceremonial Guardsmen

Firefighters use an apparatus (fire truck) as a caisson to transport the casketed remains of a fallen fellow firefighter. The hose bed is where the casket rests, but the hose bed, depending on the type of apparatus, can be quite high making it difficult to load and remove the casket. That’s where the Pallbearer Deck comes in.

Extremely Portable!

Download the PDF directions by clicking here. If there is anything in the directions that I missed or should be added/changed, please let me know.

Firefighter Jesse Clifton of Trussville (AL) Fire Department and I talked about this in passing when I was there in 2019 training and certifying both the police and fire honor guard units. I finished teaching there, went to Missouri to teach for another week, visited Whiteman AFB Honor Guard and by the time I was headed back to Trussville, Jesse had bought the materials, created the plan in his head, and built the whole thing! The only information I provided was, “I think the deck should be ‘this’ big” after we had some of the trainees stand together. The only requirement for the deck was that I needed to be able to collapse it and fit it into my trailer.

Posting Other Organization’s Colors

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You may have come across this situation: You receive a call from a local organization asking for your color guard to post the colors at an event. What throws a bit of a wrench into the request is that the event coordinator wants you to post their colors. They have flags and stands and have dreamed up a big production with your team bringing in their colors.


Possible Scenarios

  1. Your team arrives, goes to practice with the organization’s flags and you find that besides the American and state flags, there is a unique flag of the organization and maybe even a religious flag.
  2. You find flags that have lived in the corners of an auditorium and the last time they were touched was June 29th, 1973. They are full of dust and have permanent creases from hanging there so long.
  3. The flags won’t come out of the stands.
  4. There are eight flags displayed in stands, but you are asked to post two or three. Plus, you don’t have the manpower to post all of them anyway.

Avoid Those Scenarios!

US military and cadet color guards cannot carry ANY OTHER FLAGS except what is outlined in your regs. In general that means only the US, (state, city, county – Army and USAF only), and military departmental and organizational flags. The purple heart group’s flag or the POW flag, anything like that, you cannot carry. These flags are not authorized in a military color guard.

For First responder color guards, I would use the exact same restrictions. You wear a uniform, represent that civil service, and nothing else.

But How?

The “Show-N-Go”.

  1. Arrive at least one hour before the ceremony in travel/fall out uniform.
  2. Leave the organization’s flags posted where they are.
  3. Bring your set of colors.
  4. Practice several times and ensure event organizer knows exactly what you are doing.
    1. Event Organizers: the color guard will do their best to accommodate you, but they have strict guidelines and they will not deviate from them. As far as the event is concerned, the color guard commander is your color guard protocol expert and his decision is final.
  5. Break from practice with enough time to change into your appropriate uniform.
  6. At ten minutes prior to the event, setup at Stand at Ease/Parade Rest out of the way of the audience.
  7. At the appointed time the MC says something like, “Ladies and gentlemen, please rise for the presentation of the colors.”
  8. The color team enters at Right Shoulder/Carry, centers on and turns to the audience.
    1. Entering from stage right: Every Left On.
    2. Entering from stage left or executing the snake-in from the center aisle: Colors Turn On or Left Face.
  9. Formally present the colors for the National Anthem (military colors do not dip for the Pledge).
    1. Event Organizers: Either the Anthem or the Pledge, not both.
    2. Play/sing the Anthem or recite the Pledge only after the color guard commander has given the command of Present Arms.
  10. Go to the Port position to depart (do not leave at Right Shoulder/Carry as your flags are not longer the focus).
    1. If exiting to stage right: Colors Turn Off or Right Face.
    2. If exiting to stage left or up the center aisle: Every Left Off.
  11. Pack up and change into travel/fall out uniform.
  12. Receive accolades.
  13. Depart for home.

Posting colors should be reserved for very special occasions. Retrieving the colors should be for extremely formal occasions only. Once you post the colors for a volleyball game, posting has lost its significance even though there’s nothing wrong with a volleyball game. Just present the colors, don’t post.

Formally presenting a second set of colors should be your team’s standard for the majority of colors details requests you receive.

How Many?

We will use two categories for posting the colors. Above, we fully developed External Posting except for the number of colors to post. External would be for an organization outside of yours.

  • Army and Air Force can post up to four flags: US, state/city/county, and departmental.
  • Marine Corps, Navy, and Coast Guard can post two flags only: National ensign and departmental/organizational.
  • First Responders usually post US, state, and city/county.

Internal Posting would be for your organization with few, if any, outsiders.

  • Army and Air Force can post up to four flags: US, state/city/county, departmental, and organizational.
  • Marine Corps, Navy, and Coast Guard can post two flags only: National ensign and departmental/organizational.
  • First Responders usually post US, state, city/county, and the department’s flag.

A note on posting: Bringing in two flags (for example) with other flags already posted is not the best situation. It’s not unheard of, but not the best thing to do. However, there is one caveat to this: Personal colors, General’s/Admiral’s and Senior Executive Office flags, are not carried and posted.

Sunglasses in Uniform

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When you have to carry an urn for a funeral but you have to look cool at the same time.

The usual, every-day wear is authorized in the US military, just not in formation, unless prescribed by a doctor.

No sunglasses for pallbearers or, for that matter, color guard, firing party, and even the bugler – sunglasses cut off your communication from those you are supposed to be serving.

There is a very good reason behind this. It’s not personal preference, it looks bad, putting up a wall of sorts between you and everyone else, the exact opposite of why you are there.

What about the Sentinels at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier? They have special sunglasses made for them for safety. That style of sunglasses isn’t even available to the public.

Whether you are on a US military or first responder honor guard, in this article are reasons why you would wear sunglasses – prescription or you are a Sentinel. And then there are reasons why you should not wear sunglasses – not authorized in formation and they cut you off from the next of kin. That’s enough to have you and your team not wear shades for any ceremony.